bcrp - publications

Predict more bcrp - ligand interactions now!

Mithramycin Represses Basal and Cigarette Smoke-Induced Expression of ABCG2 and Inhibits Stem Cell Signaling in Lung and Esophageal Cancer Cells.

Cancer Res. 2012 Jul 2;

Authors: Zhang M, Mathur A, Zhang Y, Xi S, Atay S, Hong JA, Datrice N, Upham T, Kemp CD, Ripley RT, Wiegand G, Avital I, Fetsch P, Mani H, Zlott D, Robey R, Bates SE, Li X, Rao M, Schrump DS


Cigarette smoking at diagnosis or during therapy correlates with poor outcome in patients with lung and esophageal cancers, yet the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. In this study, we found that exposure of esophageal cancer cells to cigarette smoke condensate led to up-regulation of the xenobiotic pump ABCG2, which is expressed in cancer stem cells and confers treatment resistance in lung and esophageal carcinomas, and increased the side population of lung cancer cells containing cancer stem cells. Upregulation of ABCG2 coincided with increased occupancy of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), Sp1, and Nrf2 within its promoter, and deletion of xenobiotic response elements and/or Sp1 sites markedly attenuated ABCG2 induction. Under conditions potentially achievable in clinical settings, treatment with mithramycin diminished basal as well as cigarette smoke condensate-mediated increases in AhR, Sp1, and Nrf2 levels within the ABCG2 promoter, markedly down-regulatedABCG2, and inhibited proliferation and tumorigenicity of lung and esophageal cancer cells. Micro-array analyses revealed that mithramycin targeted multiple stem cell-related pathways in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, our findings provide a potential mechanistic link between smoking status and outcome of patients with lung and esophageal cancers and support clinical use of mithramycin for repressing ABCG2 and inhibiting stem cell signaling in thoracic malignancies.

PMID: 22751465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]