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Lack of ABCG2 shortens latency of BRCA1-deficient mammary tumors and this is not affected by genistein or resveratrol.


Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2012 Jul 5;


Authors: Zander SA, Kersbergen A, Sol W, Gonggrijp M, van de Wetering K, Jonkers J, Borst P, Rottenberg S


Abstract

In addition to their role in drug resistance, the ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters ABCG2 and ABCB1 have been suggested to protect cells from a broad range of substances that may foster tumorigenesis. Phytoestrogens or their metabolites are substrates of these transporters and the influence of these compounds on breast cancer development is controversial. Estrogen-like properties might accelerate tumorigenesis on the one hand, while their proposed health-protective properties might antagonize tumorigenesis on the other. To address this issue, we used a newer generation mouse model of BRCA1-mutated breast cancer and examined tumor latency in K14cre,Brca1F/F,p53F/F; Abcb1a/b-/-,K14cre,Brca1F/F,p53F/F or Abcg2-/-,K14cre,Brca1F/F,p53F/F animals, fed with genistein- or resveratrol-supplemented diets. Ovariectomized K14cre,Brca1F/F,p53F/F animals were included to evaluate whether any estrogen-mimicking effects can restore mammary tumor development in the absence of endogenous estrogens. Compared with the ABC transporter proficient model, ABCG2-deficient animals showed a reduced median tumor latency of 17.5 days (P<0.001), whereas no significant difference was observed for ABCB1-deficient animals. Neither genistein nor resveratrol altered this latency reduction in Abcg2-/-,K14cre,Brca1F/F,p53F/F animals. Ovariectomy resulted in nearly complete loss of mammary tumor development, which was not restored by genistein or resveratrol. Our results show that ABCG2 contributes to the protection of genetically instable epithelial cells against carcinogenesis. Diets containing high levels of genistein or resveratrol had no effect on mammary tumorigenesis, whether mice were lacking ABCG2 or not. Since genistein and resveratrol only delayed skin tumor development of ovariectomized animals, we conclude that these phytoestrogens are no effective modulators of mammary tumor development in our mouse model.

PMID: 22767648 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]