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Characterisation of the roles of ABCB1, ABCC1, ABCC2 and ABCG2 in the transport and pharmacokinetics of actinomycin D in vitro and in vivo.

Biochem Pharmacol. 2012 Oct 10;

Authors: Hill CR, Jamieson D, Thomas HD, Brown CD, Boddy AV, Veal GJ


Actinomycin D plays a key role in the successful treatment of Wilms tumour. However, associated liver toxicities remain a drawback to potentially-curative treatment. We have used MDCKII cells over-expressing ABCB1, ABCC1, ABCC2 and ABCG2, alongside knockout mouse models to characterise actinomycin D transport and its impact on pharmacokinetics. Growth inhibition, intracellular accumulation and cellular efflux assays were utilised. A 59-fold difference in GI(50) was observed between MDCKII-WT and MDCKII-ABCB1 cells (12.7nM vs 745nM, p<0.0001). Reduced sensitivity was also seen in MDCKII-ABCC1 and ABCC2 cells (GI(50) 25.7 and 40.4nM respectively, p<0.0001). Lower intracellular accumulation of actinomycin D was observed in MDCKII-ABCB1 cells as compared to MDCKII-WT (0.98nM vs 0.1nM, p<0.0001), which was reversed upon ABCB1 inhibition. Lower accumulation was also seen in MDCKII-ABCC1 and ABCC2 cells. Actinomycin D efflux over 2h was most pronounced in MDCKII-ABCB1 cells, with 5.5-fold lower intracellular levels compared to WT. In vivo studies showed that actinomycin D plasma concentrations were significantly higher in Abcb1a/1b(-/-) as compared to WT mice following administration of 0.5mg/kg actinomycin D (AUC(0-6h) 242 vs 152μg/L.h respectively; p<0.05). While comparable actinomycin D concentrations were observed in the kidneys and livers of Abcb1a/1b(-/-) and Abcc2(-/-) mice, concentrations in the brain were significantly higher at 6h following drug administration in Abcb1a/1b(-/-) mice compared to WT. Results confirm actinomycin D as a substrate for ABCB1, ABCC1 and ABCC2, and indicate that Abcb1a/1b and Abcc2 can influence the in vivo disposition of actinomycin D. These data have implications for ongoing clinical pharmacology trials involving children treated with actinomycin D.

PMID: 23063411 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]